What Are the Dangers of Rat Infestation
Rats are intelligent creatures and very friendly when tame and these features rather can make them as cute pets. Because domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, if your child is looking for a new pet, a domestic rat could be the family’s good choice. However, if you have wild rats in your home, their infestation is not a good thing especially they are not cute. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
Rats migrated around the globe just like humans, and they follow soldiers and traders along Asia’s and Europe’s trade routes. Rats were everywhere, hitching rides on ships, sailing between continents, and eventually you see them everywhere after a few centuries.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Small animals can also be attacked by rats if they cannot find any other food.
For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. It was recorded that 25 million people died in the Middle Ages termed as the black death, where people just collapsed on the streets with disease spreading around, and this was known to be the Bubonic Plague caused by rats which were infested with fleas.
Today, we have now a better understanding of the disease and thus an outbreak of the disease can be prevented. Rats today can do spread disease still, and thus we have to act immediately to avoid infestation.
If you see rats living and breeding your surroundings, you should be concern of this condition since rat-borne disease called leptospirosis is the most common to occur.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. If people are exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, they can be contaminated with the disease called hantavirus, and also this disease can be transmitted through rat bite. Very common also in the rat population is e-coli, and rats are also infected with this disease leading humans to be contaminated too from food and water that are contaminated.